Normal Laboratory Values

  • Serum iron 12 – 30 µmol/L
  • Serum iron-binding capacity 45 – 75 µmol/L
  • Serum ferritin 15 – 300 µg/L
  • Serum transferrin 2.0 – 4.0 g/L
  • Serum B12 160 – 760 ng/L
  • Serum folate 2.0 – 11.0µg/L
  • Complement C3 65 – 190 mg/dL
  • Complement C4 15 – 50 mg/dL
  • Total haemolytic (CH50) 150 – 250 U/L
  • Serum immunoglobins
  • IgG 6.0 – 13.0 g/L
  • IgA 0.8 – 3.0 g/L
  • IgM 0.4 – 2.5 g/L
  • IgE <120 kU/L
  • Serum β2 – micro globulin < 3 mg/L
  • Autoantibodies (all serum)
  • Adrenal Negative at 1:10 Dil.
  • Anticentromere antibodies Negative at 1:40 Dil.
  • Anticardiolipin antibody
  • IgG 0 – 23
  • IgM 0 - 11
  • Anti-double-stranded DNA (ELISA) 0 – 73 U/mL
  • Ant neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies
  • Anti-Proteinase 3 Negative
  • Anti MPO Negative
  • Antinuclear antibodies Negative at 1:20 Dil.
  • ENA Negative
  • Gastric parietal cells Negative at 1:20 Dil.
  • Interstitial cells of testis Negative at 1:10 Dil.
  • Jo-1 Negative
  • La Negative
  • Mitochondrial Negative at 1:20 Dil.
  • RNP Negative
  • Scl-70 Negative
  • Ro Negative
  • Skeletal muscle Negative at 1:60 Dil.
  • Sm Negative
  • Smooth muscle Negative at 1:20 Dil.
  • Rheumatoid factor < 30 k IU/L
  • Plasma thyroid binding globulin 13 – 28 mg/L
  • Plasma thyroxin (T4) 58 – 174 nmol/L
  • Free T4 10 – 22 pmol/L
  • Tri-iodothyronine (T3) 1.07 – 3.18 nmol/L
  • Free T3 5 – 10 pmol/L
  • Serum TSH receptor antibodies < 7 U/L
  • Serum antithyroid peroxidase < 50 IU/mL
  • Serum thyroid receptor antibodies < 10 U/L
  • Aldosterone 14 – 53 nmol/24h
  • Cortisol 55 – 250 nmol/24h
  • Plasma angiotensin II 5 – 35 pmol/L
  • Plasma renin activity
  • Recumbent 1.1 – 2.7 pmol/ml/h
  • Erect after 30m 3.0 – 4.3 pmol/ml/h
  • Vanillyl mandelic acid 5 – 35 µmol/24h
  • Dopamine < 3100 nmol/24h
  • Adrenaline < 144 nmol/24h
  • Noradrenaline < 570 nmol/24h
  • Hydroxyindole acetic acid < 70 µmol/24h
  • Glomerular filtration rate 70 – 140 mL/min
  • Total protein < 0.2g/24h
  • Albumin < 30 mg/24 h
  • Calcium 2.5 – 7.5 mmol/24h
  • Urobilinogen 1.7 – 5.9 µmol/24h
  • Coproporphyrin < 300 nmol/24h
  • Uroporphyrin 6 – 24 nmol/24h
  • Delta-aminolevulinate 8 – 53 µmol/24h
  • 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid 10 – 47 µmol/24h
  • Osmolality 350 – 1000 mosmol/Kg
  • Serum oestradiol
  • Males < 180 pmol/L
  • Females
  • Post-menopausal < 100 pmol/L
  • Follicular 200 – 400 pmol/L
  • Mid-cycle 400 – 1200 pmol/L
  • Luteal 400 – 1000 pmol/L
  • Serum progesterone
  • Males < 6 nmol/L
  • Females
  • Follicular < 10 nmol/L
  • Luteal > 30 nmol/L
  • Serum testosterone
  • Males 9 – 35 nmol/L
  • Females 0.5 – 3 nmol/L
  • Serum di hydro testosterone
  • Males 1- 2.6 nmol/L
  • Females 0.3 – 9.3 nmol/L
  • Serum sex hormone binding protein
  • Males 10 – 62 nmol/L
  • Females 40 – 137 nmol/L
  • Serum sodium 137 – 144 mmol/L
  • Serum potassium 3.5 – 4.9 mmol/L
  • Serum chloride 95 – 107 mmol/L
  • Serum bicarbonate 20 – 28 mmol/L
  • Anion gap 12 – 16 mmol/L
  • Serum urea 2.5 – 7.5 mmol/L
  • Serum creatinine 60 – 110 µmol/L
  • Serum corrected calcium 2.2 – 2.6 mmol/L
  • Serum phosphate 0.8 – 1.4 mmol/L
  • Serum total protein 61 – 76 g/L
  • Serum albumin 37 – 49 g/L
  • Serum total bilirubin 1 – 22 µmol/L
  • Serum conjugated bilirubin 0 – 3.4 µmol/L
  • Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT/SGPT) 5 – 35 U/L
  • Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST/SGOT)
  • Serum alkaline phosphatase 45 – 105 U/L (over 14 years)
  • Serum gamma glutamyl transferase 4 – 35 U/L (< 50 U/L in males)
  • Serum lactate dehydrogenase 10 – 250 U/L
  • Serum urate (males) 0.23 – 0.46 mmol/L
  • Serum urate (females) 0.19 – 0.36 mmol/L
  • Plasma lactate 0.6 – 1.8 mmol/L
  • Plasma ammonia 12 – 55 µmol/L
  • Fasting plasma glucose 3.0 – 6.0 mmol/L
  • Haemoglobin A1 C 3.8 – 6.4%
  • Serum amylase 60 – 180 U/L
  • Plasma osmolality 278 – 305 mosmol/Kg
  • Prothrombin time 11.5 – 15.5s
  • International normalised ratio <1.4
  • Activated partial thromboplastic time 30 – 40s
  • Fibrinogen 1.8 – 5.4 g/L
  • Bleeding time 3 – 8min
  • Plasma parathyroid hormone 0.9 – 5.4 pmol/L; 13 – 15 yrs. 9.3 – 56.0 nmol/L; 16 – 18 yrs. 9.3 – 56.0 nmol/L; 20 – 40 yrs. 7.5 – 37.3 nmol/L; 40 – 60 yrs. 5.6 – 23.3 nmol/L; >60 yrs. 3.3 – 23.3 nmol/L;
  • Plasma calcitonin < 27 pmol/L
  • Serum cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) 60 – 105 nmol/L
  • Serum 25 – OH – cholecalciferol 45 – 90 nmol/L
  • Serum cholesterol: < 200 mg/dl
  • Serum LDL cholesterol: < 160 mg/dl
  • Serum HDL cholesterol: 40mg/dl
  • Fasting serum triglyceride : <150mg/dl
  • (Plasma recumbent with venous catheter in place for 30m prior to collection of sample)
  • Adrenaline 0.03 – 1.31 nmol/L
  • Noradrenaline 0.47 – 4.14 nmol/L
  • Serum alpha-fetoprotein <10 kU/L
  • Serum carcinoembryonic antigen < 10 µg/L
  • Serum neurone specific enolase < 12 µg/L
  • Serum prostate specific antigen
  • Males over 40 <4 µg/L
  • Males under 40 <2 µg/L
  • Serum human chorionic gonadotrophin < 5 U/L
  • Serum CA 125 < 35 U/mL
  • Serum CA 19 – 9 < 33 U/mL
  • Therapeutic Drug Levels
  • Plasma aminophylline 10 – 20 µg/mL
  • Plasma carbamazepine 34 – 51 µmol/L
  • Blood ciclosporin 100 – 150 nmol/L
  • Plasma digoxin (taken at least 6h post dose) 1 – 2 nmol/L
  • Plasma ethosuximide 280 – 710 µmol/L
  • Blood gentamicin (peak) 5 – 7 µg/ml
  • Serum lithium 0.5 – 1.5 mmol/L
  • Serum phenobarbital 65 – 172 µmol/L
  • Serum phenytoin 40 – 80 µmol/L
  • Serum primidone 23 – 55 µmol/L
  • Plasma theophylline 55 – 110 µmol/L
  • Opening pressure 50 – 180 mm H2O
  • Total protein 0.15 – 0.45 g/L
  • Albumin 0.066 – 0.442 g/L
  • Chloride 116 – 122 mmol/L
  • Glucose 3.3 – 4.4 mmol/L
  • Lactate 1 –2 mmol/L
  • Cell count ≤ 5 mL-1
  • Differential:
  • Lymphocytes 60 – 70%
  • Monocytes 30 – 50%
  • Neutrophils None
  • IgG/ALB ≤ 0.26
  • IgG index ≤ 0.88
  • Full blood count
  • Haemoglobin (males) 13.0 – 18.0 g/dL
  • Haemoglobin (females) 11.5 – 16.5 g/dL
  • Haematocrit (males) 0.40 – 0.52
  • Haematocrit (females) 0.36 – 0.47
  • MCV 80 – 96 fL
  • MCH 28 – 32 pg
  • MCHC 32 – 35 g/dL
  • White cell count 4 – 11 x 109/L
  • White cell differential:
  • Neutrophils 1.5 – 7 x 109/L
  • Lymphocytes 1.5 – 4 x 109/L
  • Monocytes 0 – 0.8 x 109/L
  • Eosinophil’s 0.04 – 0.4 x 109/L
  • Basophils 0 – 0.1 x 109/L
  • Platelet count 150 – 400 x 109/L
  • Reticulocyte count 25 – 85 x 109/L OR 0.5 – 2.4%
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  • Westergren
  • Under 50 years:
  • Males 0 – 15 mm/1st hr
  • Females 0 – 20 mm/1st hr
  • Over 50 years:
  • Males 0 – 20 mm/1st hr
  • Females 0 – 30 mm/1st hr
  • Plasma viscosity (25°C) 1.50 – 1.72 mPa/s