First-aid, as the name suggests, is the first thing you do after suffering an injury. It is not a form of treatment; it is damage control. To understand first aid it is vital to understand injuries. Most of the time we fail to see the risks and dangers of injuries in everyday situations. Here are a few first aid techniques classified according to the level of injuries. But before scrolling down, remember, prevention is better than cure.
Minor cuts and burns
Any injury that involves bleeding or scalding, but does not cause permanent damage, is what can be defined as a minor cut or a burn. These injuries are superficial and take three to six days to heal. Apply an antibiotic such as Silver Sulphadiazine, use a sterile bandage to cover the burn or cut and finally take tetanus vaccination, if required.
Lacerations, abrasions and Second Degree Burns
A laceration is an injury to the skin which results in the skin being cut or torn open, whereas an abrasion is a type of wound in which the skin is scraped or rubbed off. Burns that extend to the middle skin layer or dermis are called Second Degree Burns. In case of lacerations and abrasions, apply direct pressure with a clean dressing to stop bleeding and then get the dressing done by your nearest physician.
Third Degree Burns
In the case of a Third Degree Burn, damage occurs to all the three layers of skin, destroying adjacent hair follicles, sweat glands and nerve endings. The symptoms may worsen with time. These kinds of burns require immediate hospitalization.
Injuries at home
Home kitchens are fraught with equal potential of danger as the ones in restaurants. If it is a minor burn from steam or hot liquids, hold the scalded skin under cool, running tap water, and keep it there for at least 15 minutes until the pain subsides. Applying aloe vera on the affected area soothes the pain to great extent.
Stay protected at work
One of the front lines of defense - managing hazards at the workplace - is to ensure that potential dangers are addressed and a safe work culture is engrained in the mind of each employee. In case of both, major and minor injuries, it is important to adhere to the same first-aid rules for damage control.
Prepare and prevent, don't repair and repent
First aid involves many aspects of medical emergencies. First-aid skills have saved many people in many situations. Cuts and burns can be of the first, second or third degree. It is essential to have some know-how on the ways to take care of them.
Safety, like all other habits, begins at home. Create an Accident Safety Plan and involve all your family members in it. Invest in a good medical insurance in India. Most insurances cover accidents which can ease your financial burden if you are recuperating from a home or workplace related injury.
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